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Impact of skin‐sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction and breast‐sparing reconstruction with miniflaps on the outcomes of oncoplastic breast surgery. BJS 2003; 90: 433-439.

Published: 10th February 2003

Authors: R. K. Gendy, J. A. Able, R. M. Rainsbury

Background

The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of skin‐sparing mastectomy (SSM) with immediate myocutaneous flap reconstruction and partial mastectomy with latissimus dorsi miniflap reconstruction (LDMF) for breast cancer.

Method

Some 106 disease‐free patients (57 SSM, 49 LDMF) who had breast reconstruction between 1991 and 1999 participated in this retrospective review. The mean duration of follow‐up was 42 (range 6–102) months. Measured outcomes included surgical complications, functional disability, cosmetic result and psychological morbidity.

Results

SSM outcomes were less favourable than LDMF outcomes with regard to postoperative complications (14 versus 8 per cent), further surgical interventions (79 versus 12 per cent), nipple sensory loss (98 versus 2 per cent), restricted activities (73 versus 54 per cent) and cosmetic outcome by panel assessment. Anxiety about residual cancer and ease of breast self‐examination were similar in both groups.

Conclusion

LDMF was associated with fewer adverse surgical and physical sequelae than SSM, without compromising local control or cosmetic outcome. Both operations were associated with low psychological morbidity. Copyright © 2003 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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