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Intra‐anal and rectal application of L‐erythro methoxamine gel increases anal resting pressure in healthy volunteers. BJS 2005; 92: 1539-1545.

Published: 17th October 2005

Authors: P. J. Nisar, H.‐J. Gruss, D. Bush, N. Barras, A. G. Acheson, J. H. Scholefield et al.

Background

This study examined the effect of a single local application of L‐erythro methoxamine, an α1‐adrenoceptor agonist, on mean anal resting pressure (MARP) and cardiovascular variables in healthy volunteers.

Method

L‐Erythro methoxamine gel was administered in a single‐blind manner; 0·3–3 per cent gels were applied perianally (n = 12), 1–3 per cent gels intra‐anally (n = 16) and 1 per cent gel rectally (n = 8). MARP, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate were measured before application and for up to 6 h afterwards. Blood samples were taken to estimate plasma drug levels.

Results

Perianal gel produced no increase in MARP. Intra‐anal 1 per cent and 3 per cent gel produced a significant rapid rise in MARP for 4 and 5 h respectively after application (P = 0·012 and P = 0·017 respectively). Rectal 1 per cent gel increased MARP for 2 h after application (P = 0·036). Intra‐anal gel resulted in an increase in systolic blood pressure (1 per cent gel at 2 h, P = 0·042; 3 per cent gel at 4 h, P = 0·017). One per cent intra‐anal and rectal gels caused a decrease in the pulse rate for 2 h after application (P = 0·012 and P = 0·018 respectively). Six subjects complained of nausea and three of headache after gel application.

Conclusion

Intra‐anal and rectal gel produced a sustained rise in MARP with rapid onset in volunteers. This raises the possibility of a therapeutic application for L‐erythro methoxamine in patients with passive incontinence and internal anal sphincter dysfunction. Copyright © 2005 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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