Meta‐analysis evaluating music interventions for anxiety and pain in surgery. BJS 2018; 105: 773-783.
Published: 17th April 2018
Authors: A. Y. R. Kühlmann, A. de Rooij, L. F. Kroese, M. van Dijk, M. G. M. Hunink, J. Jeekel et al.
This study aimed to evaluate anxiety and pain following perioperative music interventions compared with control conditions in adult patients.
Eleven electronic databases were searched for full‐text publications of RCTs investigating the effect of music interventions on anxiety and pain during invasive surgery published between 1 January 1980 and 20 October 2016. Results and data were double‐screened and extracted independently. Random‐effects meta‐analysis was used to calculate effect sizes as standardized mean differences (MDs). Heterogeneity was investigated in subgroup analyses and metaregression analyses. The review was registered in the PROSPERO database as CRD42016024921.
Ninety‐two RCTs (7385 patients) were included in the systematic review, of which 81 were included in the meta‐analysis. Music interventions significantly decreased anxiety (MD –0·69, 95 per cent c.i. –0·88 to –0·50;
Music interventions significantly reduce anxiety and pain in adult surgical patients.Full text
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