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Meta‐analysis of the prognostic role of perioperative platelet count in posthepatectomy liver failure and mortality.

Published: 12th July 2018

Authors: A. Mehrabi, M. Golriz, E. Khajeh, O. Ghamarnejad, P. Probst, H. Fonouni et al.

Background

Emerging evidence suggests that the perioperative platelet count (PLT) can predict posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). In this systematic review and meta‐analysis, the impact of perioperative PLT on PHLF and mortality was evaluated.

Method

MEDLINE and Web of Science databases were searched systematically for relevant literature up to January 2018. All studies comparing PHLF or mortality in patients with a low versus high perioperative PLT were included. Study quality was assessed using methodological index for non‐randomized studies (MINORS) criteria. Meta‐analyses were performed using Mantel–Haenszel tests with a random‐effects model, and presented as odds ratios (ORs) with 95 per cent confidence intervals.

Results

Thirteen studies containing 5260 patients were included in the meta‐analysis. Two different cut‐off values for PLT were used: 150 and 100/nl. Patients with a perioperative PLT below 150/nl had higher PHLF (4 studies, 817 patients; OR 4·79, 95 per cent c.i. 2·89 to 7·94) and mortality (4 studies, 3307 patients; OR 3·78, 1·48 to 9·62) rates than patients with a perioperative PLT of 150/nl or more. Similarly, patients with a PLT below 100/nl had a significantly higher risk of PHLF (4 studies, 949 patients; OR 4·65, 2·60 to 8·31) and higher mortality rates (7 studies, 3487 patients; OR 6·35, 2·99 to 13·47) than patients with a PLT of 100/nl or greater.

Conclusion

A low perioperative PLT correlates with higher PHLF and mortality rates after hepatectomy.

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