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Mid‐term results for second‐generation thoracic stent grafts. BJS 2003; 90: 811-817.

Published: 4th July 2003

Authors: R. E. Bell, P. R. Taylor, M. Aukett, T. Sabharwal, J. F. Reidy

Background

Thoracic stent grafts offer an alternative to open surgery for thoracic aortic disease, but their long‐term durability is unknown. This report includes mid‐term follow‐up for commercially available thoracic devices.

Method

Data were collected prospectively for a series of endoluminal grafts used to treat thoracic aortic pathology.

Results

Between July 1997 and October 2002, 67 patients received thoracic stent grafts. Elective procedures incurred a 30‐day mortality rate of 2 per cent (one of 42 patients) and urgent repair 16 per cent (four of 25). Paraplegia affected three (4 per cent) of 67 patients and three patients had a stroke. The median follow‐up was 17 (range 2–64) months; four patients were lost. There were six late deaths, two from aneurysm rupture (rupture of a mycotic aneurysm at 5 months and stent migration at 28 months). Other device‐related complications comprised three proximal endoleaks, one of which required open surgical correction with removal of the stent graft, and two distal endoleaks, which were successfully treated with distal extension cuffs.

Conclusion

In the mid term, endoluminal repair of thoracic aortic pathology appears to be a safe alternative to open surgery, but continued surveillance is essential. Copyright © 2003 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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