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Predictors of operative morbidity and mortality in gastric cancer surgery. BJS 2005; 92: 1099-1102.

Published: 1st June 2005

Authors: D. J. Park, H.‐J. Lee, H.‐H. Kim, H.‐K. Yang, K. U. Lee, K. J. Choe et al.

Background

The aim of this study was to identify factors that predict morbidity and mortality in gastric cancer surgery.

Method

Data on 719 consecutive patients who underwent operations for gastric cancer at Seoul National University Hospital between January and December 2002 were reviewed.

Results

Overall morbidity and mortality rates were 17·4 per cent (125 patients) and 0·6 per cent (four patients) respectively, and the rates of surgical and non‐surgical complications were 14·7 per cent (106 patients) and 3·3 per cent (24 patients). Morbidity rates were higher in patients aged over 50 years (odds ratio (OR) 1·04 (95 per cent confidence interval (c.i.) 1·02 to 1·06)), when the gastric tumour was resected with another organ (36 per cent for combined resection versus 15·4 per cent for gastrectomy only; OR 3·25 (95 per cent c.i. 1·76 to 6·03)) and when gastrojejunostomy was used for reconstruction after subtotal gastrectomy (17·0 per cent for Billroth II versus 9·5 per cent for Billroth I; OR 2·00 (95 per cent c.i. 1·05 to 3·79)). Only three patients (2·8 per cent) with a surgical complication underwent reoperation, two for adhesive obstruction and one for intra‐abdominal bleeding.

Conclusion

Age, combined resection and Billroth II reconstruction after radical subtotal gastrectomy were independently associated with the development of complications after gastric cancer surgery. Copyright © 2005 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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