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Preoperative radiotherapy in the management of retroperitoneal liposarcoma. BJS 2016; 103: 1839-1846.

Published: 29th September 2016

Authors: B. L. Ecker, M. G. Peters, M. T. McMillan, A. J. Sinnamon, P. J. Zhang, D. L. Fraker et al.

Background

Histological subtype influences both prognosis and patterns of treatment failure in retroperitoneal sarcoma. Previous studies on the efficacy of neoadjuvant radiotherapy (NRT) have incorporated multiple histological types with heterogeneous tumour biology. The survival impact of NRT specifically for patients with retroperitoneal liposarcoma is poorly defined.

Method

Patients who underwent resection with curative intent for retroperitoneal liposarcoma and who received NRT or surgery alone were identified in the US National Cancer Data Base (2004–2013). Cox regression was used to identify co‐variables associated with overall survival. NRT and surgery‐alone cohorts were matched 1 : 1 by propensity scores based on the survival hazard on Cox modelling. Overall survival was compared by Kaplan–Meier estimates.

Results

A total of 2082 patients with retroperitoneal liposarcoma were identified; 1908 underwent surgery alone and 174 received NRT before surgical resection. Median tumour size was 22·0 cm and 34·9 per cent of tumours were high grade. In the unmatched cohort, NRT was not associated with improved overall survival (χ2 = 3·49, P = 0·062). In the propensity score‐matched cohort, NRT was associated with an improvement in survival (median overall survival 129·2 versus 84·3 months; P = 0·046; hazard ratio (HR) 1·54, 95 per cent c.i. 1·01 to 2·36). This effect appeared most pronounced for tumours with adjacent organ invasion (median overall survival not reached versus 63·8 months; P = 0·044; HR 1·79, 1·01 to 3·19).

Conclusion

NRT improved survival in patients undergoing surgery for retroperitoneal liposarcoma, particularly those with high‐risk pathological features.

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