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Randomized clinical trial of platysma muscle suture versus no suture for wound closure after thyroid surgery. BJS 2018; 105: 645-649.

Published: 26th March 2018

Authors: M. Senne, R. Zein, C. Falch, A. Kirschniak, A. Koenigsrainer, S. Müller et al.

Background

Suturing the platysma muscle during wound closure after thyroid surgery is frequently described in the literature. There is no prospective evidence to support its use or benefit. The aim of this study was to evaluate how a platysma muscle suture influences initial postoperative pain following thyroid surgery.

Method

Patients were assigned randomly to receive a platysma suture or no platysma suture in this prospective, patient‐blinded trial. The duration of follow‐up was 6 months. The primary endpoint was wound‐specific pain 24 h after thyroid resection. Secondary endpoints were intraoperative and perioperative analgesia requirement, postoperative pain and complications until postoperative day 14, and Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Score (POSAS) 6 months after surgery.

Results

Forty‐one patients were randomized to each group. Visual analogue scale scores for wound‐specific pain were lower in patients without a platysma suture 24 h after surgery (mean(s.d.) 3·15(1·46) versus 2·17(1·41) in groups with and without suture respectively; P = 0·002). There were no differences in the perioperative and postoperative need for analgesics, postoperative wound complications or cervical scar cosmesis 6 months after surgery (mean(s.d.) POSAS 23·99(9·53) versus 26·51(8·69); P = 0·148).

Conclusion

Omitting the platysma muscle suture after thyroid surgery resulted in less wound‐specific pain initially, with no difference in postoperative wound complications or cosmetic results. Registration number: NCT02951000 (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov).

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