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Role of positron emission tomography–computed tomography in predicting survival after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery for oesophageal adenocarcinoma. BJS 2012; 99: 239-245.

Published: 16th November 2011

Authors: R. S. Gillies, M. R. Middleton, C. Han, R. E. K. Marshall, N. D. Maynard, K. M. Bradley et al.

Background

Positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET–CT) is increasingly being used in the staging of oesophageal cancer. Some recent reports suggest it may be used to predict survival. None of these studies, however, reported on the prognostic value of PET–CT performed before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery. The aim of this study was to determine whether pretreatment PET–CT could predict survival.

Method

Consecutive patients with oesophageal adenocarcinoma who underwent PET–CT before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and resection were included. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)‐avid tumour length and the presence of FDG‐avid local lymph nodes were determined for all patients. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was performed and multivariable analysis used to identify independent prognostic factors.

Results

A total of 121 patients were included (mean age 63 years, 97 men) of whom 103 underwent surgical resection. On an intention‐to‐treat basis, overall survival was significantly worse in patients with FDG‐avid local lymph nodes (P < 0·001). SUVmax and FDG‐avid tumour length did not predict survival (P = 0·276 and P = 0·713 respectively). The presence of FDG‐avid local lymph nodes was an independent predictor of poor overall survival (hazard ratio (HR) 4·75, 95 per cent confidence interval 2·14 to 10·54; P < 0·001) and disease‐free survival (HR 2·97, 1·40 to 6·30; P = 0·004).

Conclusion

The presence of FDG‐avid lymph nodes, but not SUVmax or FDG‐avid tumour length, was an independent adverse prognostic factor. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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