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Surgical management of and long‐term survival after adenocarcinoma of the cardia. BJS 2002; 89: 1156-1163.

Published: 29th November 2002

Authors: C. Mariette, B. Castel, H. Toursel, S. Fabre, J. M. Balon, J.‐P. Triboulet et al.

Background

The choice of surgical strategy for patients with adenocarcinoma of the oesophagogastric junction is controversial. This study was performed to analyse the surgical results of a 20‐year experience with these lesions.

Method

From January 1981 to January 2001, 126 patients with adenocarcinoma of the cardia underwent resection in the authors' institution. The treatment of choice was oesophagectomy for type I tumours, and extended gastrectomy for type II and III lesions. Morbidity, mortality and survival were determined retrospectively.

Results

Fifty‐six patients (44·4 per cent) had type I tumours, 44 (34·9 per cent) type II and 26 (20·6 per cent) type III. Primary resection was performed in 113 patients (89·7 per cent). Oesophagectomy with resection of the proximal stomach was carried out in 65 patients (51·6 per cent) and extended total gastrectomy with transhiatal resection of the distal oesophagus in 61 (48·4 per cent). In‐hospital mortality and morbidity rates were 4·8 and 34·1 per cent respectively. The overall 3‐ and 5‐year survival rates were 40·9 and 25·1 per cent respectively, and were not affected by the surgical approach. Survival was significantly associated with R0 resection, pathological node‐positive category, postoperative complications and tumour differentiation.

Conclusion

Postoperative mortality, morbidity and long‐term survival did not appear to be affected by surgical approach. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm the equivalence between transthoracic and transabdominal approaches. © 2002 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd

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