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Survival after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and oesophagectomy versus definitive chemoradiotherapy for patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Published: 5th November 2018

Authors: B.‐Y. Wang, S.‐C. Wu, H.‐C. Chen, W.‐H. Hung, C.‐H. Lin, C.‐L. Huang et al.

Background

Whether there is a difference in survival after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus surgery (CRT‐S) compared with definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) in patients with locally advanced oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) remains controversial.

Method

Patients with SCC who underwent curative treatment from 2008 to 2014 were identified from the Taiwan Cancer Registry. Propensity score matching was undertaken to balance pretreatment clinical variables. Overall survival was compared between patients undergoing CRT‐S or dCRT. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors for overall survival.

Results

A total of 5832 patients with clinical stage II and III oesophageal SCC receiving CRT‐S (1754) or dCRT (4078) were included. After propensity score matching, each group included 1661 patients. The 3‐year overall survival rate for patients treated with CRT‐S was 41·1 per cent compared with 17·9 per cent for those who had dCRT (P < 0·001). In multivariable analysis, treatment modality was an independent prognostic factor in the overall cohort before propensity score matching: hazard ratio 0·45 (95 per cent c.i. 0·40 to 0·51) for CRT‐S versus dCRT (P < 0·001). In separate analyses of patients with clinical stage II and those with stage III disease, CRT‐S was associated with significantly better overall survival than dCRT.

Conclusion

Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and oesophagectomy is associated with better overall survival than dCRT in patients with stage II and III oesophageal SCC.

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