Snapshot quiz 18/16

Published: 10/15/2018

Authors: Schots JPM and Harlaar NJ

This is a de Garengeot hernia – appendix in a femoral hernia. In this patient, histological examination confirmed chronic appendicitis. The incidence of acute appendicitis within a de Garengeot hernia is 0⋅08–0⋅13 per cent (1). Appendiceal diverticulum or carcinoma is even more rare (2,3).

Reference
1. Rajan SS, Girn HR, Ainslie WG. Inflamed appendix in a femoral hernial sac: de Garengeot’s hernia. Hernia 2009; 13: 551–553.
2 Rossi S, Coveney E. Type 4 appendiceal diverticulum within a de Garengeot hernia. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2016; 98: e141–e142.
3 Ryan JW, O’Riordan I, Gorey T, Geoghegan T. de Garengeot hernia with a mucinous neoplasm of the appendix, two clinical rarities combine to yield a first for the literature. BMJ Case Rep 2017; pii: bcr-2017-220830.

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