Minimally invasive versus open distal pancreatectomy (LEOPARD). A multicenter patient-blinded randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg 2019; 269: 2-9.

Published: 22nd March 2019

Authors: de Rooij T, van Hilst J, van Santvoort H, Boerma D, van den Boezem P, Daams F et al.


In this study, the conversion rate to open surgery was eight per cent. Minimally invasive surgery speeded up functional recovery (4 versus 6 days, P<0.001) and improved quality of life from days 3-30, but other clinical outcomes, including costs, were similar.

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