Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation versus sham electrical stimulation for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults (CONFIDeNT): a double-blind, multicentre, pragmatic, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2015; 386: 1640–1648.

Published: 5th January 2016

Authors: Knowles CH, Horrocks EJ, Bremner SA, Stevens N, Norton C, O’Connell PR et al on behalf of the CONFIDeNT study group et al.


Treatment and sham treatments were applied once a week for twelve weeks in the 227 patients included in the study. Fifty per cent reduction in episodes of faecal incontinence occurred in 39 (38 per cent) of patients in the active group and 32 (31 per cent) in controls (P=0.4).

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