Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials examining the benefit of exercise programmes using Nordic Walking in patients with peripheral artery disease. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2018; 56: 534–543.

Published: 6th February 2019

Authors: Golledge J, Maarij K, Moxon JV, Beard JD, Girold S, Wrang H et al.


There were five trials involving 294 patients. The addition of Nordic poles did not increase improvement in maximum walking distance over standard exercise programmes alone: standardized mean difference 1.31, 95 per cent confidence interval -1.28 to 3.91, P=0.322.

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